ZELOW

ZELOW, town in Lodz province, near lask , central Poland. Jews settled there in the second half of the 19th century and earned their livelihood mainly in the local textile factories. They numbered 922 (30% of the total) in 1897 and 1,816 (34%) in 1921. In 1939 there were approximately 3,500 Jews in Zelow comprising about 60% of the total population. The Germans entered Zelow on Sept. 6, 1939, and forced the Jewish community into a restricted zone in town. The number of Jews swelled to 6,000 with the influx of refugees from nearby towns. No formal ghetto was established, and the Jews could maintain a certain amount of illegal trade across the border of the General Government. Although the Judenrat supplied able-bodied workers to the German authorities, raids were carried out against people in the streets for forced labor. Prior to the final liquidation of the Jewish community of Zelow the Germans publicly executed ten Jewish prisoners and deported 245 able-bodied men to the lodz ghetto. In September 1942 the ghetto was liquidated. Some of the Jews were killed on the spot, others were transported to the extermination camp at chelmno , and a few hundred young people were sent to forced labor camps. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: I. Trunk, in: Bleter far Geshikhte, 2:1–4 (1949), 64–166 (passim); D. Dabrowska (ed.), Kronika getta lodzkiego, vols. 1–2 (1965–1966), passim; idem, in: BŻIH, 13–14 (1955); B. Wasiutyński, Ludność żydowska w Polsce w wiekach XIX i XX (1930), 75. (Danuta Dombrowska)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Zelow — Zelów …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zelów — Zelów …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zelów — Infobox Settlement name = Zelów image shield = POL Zelów COA.svg pushpin pushpin label position = bottom subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 = Łódź subdivision type2 = County… …   Wikipedia

  • Zelow — Original name in latin Zelw Name in other language Zeljuv, Zelova, Zelow, Zelw, ze lu fu, Зелюв State code PL Continent/City Europe/Warsaw longitude 51.46452 latitude 19.21972 altitude 189 Population 8003 Date 2010 10 12 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Gmina Zelów — Infobox Settlement name = Gmina Zelów other name = Zelów Commune settlement type = Gmina total type = Total image shield = POL Zelów COA.svg subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Nowa Wola, Gmina Zelów — For other places with the same name, see Nowa Wola (disambiguation). Nowa Wola   Village   …   Wikipedia

  • Dąbrowa, Gmina Zelów — Dąbrowa   Village   Country  Poland Voivodeship Łódź …   Wikipedia

  • Faustynów, Gmina Zelów — Infobox Settlement name = Faustynów settlement type = Village total type = image shield = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 = Łódź subdivision type2 = County subdivision name2 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Kuźnica, Gmina Zelów — Infobox Settlement name = Kuźnica settlement type = Village total type = image shield = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 = Łódź subdivision type2 = County subdivision name2 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Janów, Gmina Zelów — Infobox Settlement name = Janów settlement type = Village total type = image shield = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 = Łódź subdivision type2 = County subdivision name2 =… …   Wikipedia

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